Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Health Benefits

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Health Benefits

Bowel Cancer

The beneficial effect of raw tomatoes in the population tested may be partly due to the fact that they constitute perhaps the most specific feature of the Mediterranean diet. After allowance for age, sex, education, smoking and drinking level, and total caloric intake, there was a consistent pattern of protection for gastrointestinal cancers. (5)

Blood Lipid and Cholesterol

A diet high in tomatoes has been shown to help control LDL cholesterol. In one 12-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group comparative study, the intake of high-lycopene semidried tomato, reduced LDL-C and was confirmed to be safe at a dosage of 200 g/day (as raw tomato). Tomato is an important component of the diet worldwide, and our findings support the health benefits, especially with respect to lipid metabolism, of consuming tomatoes rich in lycopene. (8)

Cardiovascular

Lycopene may improve vascular function and contributes to the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disorders. The main activity profile of lycopene includes antiatherosclerotic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, antiplatelet, anti-apoptotic, and protective endothelial effects, the ability to improve the metabolic profile and reduce arterial stiffness. (7)

Cognitive Decline (Dementia)

In one study plasma lycopene was analysed among 173 participants, and associations were examined between baseline blood levels of these circulating nutrients and development of dementia across 11 years. Dementia diagnosis was based on International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD)-10 criteria. (9)

Prostate Cancer

Data demonstrates that higher lycopene consumption/circulating concentration is associated with a lower risk of prostate cancer. Analysis indicates a significant linear dose/response association between lycopene intake and prostate cancer risk. (1)

Radiation Damage

Numerous in vitro and animal studies showed that Lycopene may provide protection against damages induced by ionizing radiation. It suggests that supplementation of Lycopene might be useful in diminishing the negative effect of cancer radiotherapy or in mitigating the effects of possible radiation accidents on human health. (3)

Weight loss

Results show that daily tomato juice supplementation reduces waist circumference, as well as serum cholesterol and inflammatory adipokine levels in young healthy women. (2) Results from another study suggest that tomato juice reduces oxidative stress in overweight (and possibly obese) females and, therefore, may prevent damage from obesity-related diseases and promote health. (4)

Conclusion

Tomato juice anyone? How about tomato soup tonight? It’s so inspiring when you study the beneficial effects of simple everyday fruits and vegetables. All we need is provided by nature, right there in the food and the herbs around us.

Lycopene is actually more available in cooked tomatoes, especially when combined with olive oil. (6)

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